Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults 2021: A clinical practice guideline of the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (AISF), the Italian Society of Diabetology (SID) and the Italian Society of Obesity (SIO)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults 2021: A clinical practice guideline of the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (AISF), the Italian Society of Diabetology (SID) and the Italian Society of Obesity (SIO) Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common and emerging liver disease in adults, paralleling the epidemic of obesity […]

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The Role of the Nephrologist in Management of Poisoning and Intoxication: Core Curriculum 2022

The Role of the Nephrologist in Management of Poisoning and Intoxication: Core Curriculum 2022 Poisoning is a common problem in the United States. Acid-base disturbances, electrolyte derangements, or acute kidney injury result from severe poisoning from toxic alcohols, salicylates, metformin, and acetaminophen. Lithium is highly sensitive to small changes in kidney function. These poisonings and […]

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Nutrition in Kidney Disease: Core Curriculum 2022

Nutrition in Kidney Disease: Core Curriculum 2022  As chronic kidney disease (CKD) progresses, the requirements and utilization of different nutrients change substantially. These changes are accompanied by multiple nutritional and metabolic abnormalities that are observed in the continuum of kidney disease. To provide optimal care to patients with CKD, it is essential to have an understanding of […]

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Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022 Abridged for Primary Care Providers

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2022 Abridged for Primary Care Providers Las recomendaciones clínicas actualizadas de la Asociación Estadounidense de Diabetes para 2022 exigen un cribado de la población más amplio, además de promover las tendencias hacia la individualización del uso de la tecnología para la diabetes en la atención. El resumen de los cambios […]

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Diagnosis and management of arrhythmias in pregnancy

Diagnosis and management of arrhythmias in pregnancy   Abstract Arrhythmias are the most common cardiac complications occurring in pregnancy. Although the majority of palpitations in pregnancy may be explained by atrial or ventricular premature complexes, the full spectrum of arrhythmias can occur. In this article, we establish a systematic approach to the evaluation and management […]

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Reevaluating the Cardiac Risk of Noncardiac Surgery Using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Reevaluating the Cardiac Risk of Noncardiac Surgery Using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Abstract Background As surgical techniques evolve and patient outcomes improve over time, a renewed analysis of the cardiac risk of noncardiac surgeries is needed. The goal of this study was to investigate and categorize the cardiac risk of elective noncardiac surgeries. […]

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2021 ACC/AHA/SCAI Guideline for Coronary Artery Revascularization

2021 ACC/AHA/SCAI Guideline for Coronary Artery Revascularization La enfermedad de las arterias coronarias sigue siendo una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. La revascularización coronaria es una opción terapéutica importante en el manejo de pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria. La guía de revascularización de arterias coronarias de 2021 proporciona recomendaciones basadas en […]

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Potential effects and application prospect of angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor in diabetic kidney disease

Potential effects and application prospect of angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor in diabetic kidney disease Highlights • ARNI promotes natriuresis and reduces blood pressure, contributing to renoprotection in diabetic patients. • ARNI is promising for ameliorating inflammation, oxidative stress, renal dysfunction and histopathologic changes of kidney. • ARNI may improve insulin resistance and blood glucose regulation via […]

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JCS/JHFS 2021 Guideline Focused Update on Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure

JCS/JHFS 2021 Guideline Focused Update on Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure El cambio principal en esta edición revisada es la integración de las pautas de tratamiento de insuficiencia cardíaca anteriores, que se separaron en insuficiencia cardíaca aguda e insuficiencia cardíaca crónica. Este cambio se basó en el reconocimiento de que separar las […]

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Recategorization of Non-Aspirin Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs According to Clinical Relevance: Abandoning the Traditional NSAID Terminology

Recategorization of Non-Aspirin Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs According to Clinical Relevance: Abandoning the Traditional NSAID Terminology Abstract Non-aspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation. Historically, NSAIDs have been categorized as traditional NSAIDs and newer cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors (coxibs). However, traditional NSAIDs also inhibit the COX-1 and COX-2 enzyme isoforms […]

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