Archive for El R3

Stroke and Emerging Blood Biomarkers: A Clinical Prospective

Stroke and Emerging Blood Biomarkers: A Clinical Prospective Abstract Stroke constitutes the primary source of adult functional disability, exhibiting a paramount socioeconomic burden. Thus, it is of great importance that the prediction of stroke outcome be both prompt and accurate. Although modern neuroimaging and neurophysiological techniques are accessible, easily available blood biomarkers reflecting underlying stroke-related […]

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Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription and Adequacy in Clinical Practice: Core Curriculum 2023

Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription and Adequacy in Clinical Practice: Core Curriculum 2023 As the global prevalence of peritoneal dialysis (PD) continues to grow, practitioners must be equipped with prescribing strategies that focus on the needs and preferences of patients. PD is an effective form of kidney replacement therapy that offers numerous benefits to patients, including more […]

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Diabetes management in chronic kidney disease: a consensus report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)

Diabetes management in chronic kidney disease: a consensus report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) People with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk for kidney failure, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, and premature mortality. Recent clinical trials support new approaches to treat diabetes and CKD. […]

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Treatments in Ischemic Stroke: Current and Future

Treatments in Ischemic Stroke: Current and Future Abstract Background and Aim: Despite progress made over the last 30 years, stroke is still a leading cause of disability and mortality; likewise, its burden is expected to increase over the next decades, due to population growth and aging. The development of drugs with better safety-efficacy profiles as well […]

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2022 Guideline for the Management of Patients With Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association

2022 Guideline for the Management of Patients With Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association   Antecedentes y objetivo La hemorragia intracerebral (ICH) continúa siendo una forma mortal de accidente cerebrovascular; La mortalidad a los 90 días oscila entre el 15 % y el 40 %. Debido al aumento de la edad […]

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The management of acute and chronic hyponatraemia

The management of acute and chronic hyponatraemia Abstract Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte abnormality encountered in clinical practice; despite this, the work-up and management of hyponatraemia remain suboptimal and varies among different specialist groups. The majority of data comparing hyponatraemia treatments have been observational, up until recently. The past two years have seen the […]

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Current applications and limitations of European guidelines on blood pressure measurement: implications for clinical practice

Current applications and limitations of European guidelines on blood pressure measurement: implications for clinical practice  Abstract Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular (CV) risk factor, strongly and independently associated with an increased risk of major CV outcomes, including myocardial infarction, stroke, congestive heart failure, renal disease and death due to CV causes. Effective control of […]

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Pharmacotherapy to delay the progression of diabetic kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes: past, present and future

Pharmacotherapy to delay the progression of diabetic kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes: past, present and future Abstract Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with diabetes, and is one of the most important causes of end stage renal disease worldwide. In order to reduce […]

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Management of hypertensive emergencies: a practical approach

Management of hypertensive emergencies: a practical approach Abstract Background: Acute increases of high blood pressure values, usually described as ‘hypertensive crises’, ‘hypertensive urgencies’ or ‘hypertensive emergencies’, are common causes of patients’ presentation to emergency departments. Owing to the lack of ad hoc randomized clinical trials, current recommendations/suggestions for treatment of these patients are not evidenced-based and, […]

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SGLT-2 inhibitors for treatment of heart failure in patients with and without type 2 diabetes: A practical approach for routine clinical practice

SGLT-2 inhibitors for treatment of heart failure in patients with and without type 2 diabetes: A practical approach for routine clinical practice Highlights SGLT-2i are a promising class of agents for heart failure and chronic kidney disease. An algorithm is provided for prescribing SGLT-2i using a multidisciplinary approach. Tips to prevent common adverse effects with […]

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